Map showing the location of the Xiaozhushan site on Guanglu Island, Changhai County of Dalian City in Liaoning Province. Map: D. Hosner/DAI
Human Behavior or Environmental Change? New Thoughts on Animal Archaeology Research in Xiaozhushan Shell Midden Site

The Xiaozhushan site is situated on the eastern slope of Xiaozhushan Hill, west of Wujiacun Village in the center of Guanglu Island, Changhai County of Dalian City in Liaoning Province. The area is about 100 meters in length north/south and 50 meters in width east/west. A small scale investigation and trial excavation was conducted in 1978 followed by official excavations in 2000, 2006, 2008 and 2009 carried out by the Institute of Archaeology, CASS, Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and the Dalian Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology.

Book cover (Photo: Joy Zhou/DAI )
Major Archaeological Discoveries in China in 2016

This is an annual bulletin edited by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage. 38 important archaeological discoveries are introduced, including Niupodong cave site in new Gui'an district, Guizhou province; Gaoshan city-site in Dayi, Sichuan; Qin and Han periods Xuechi sacrificial sites at mount Yongshan in Fengxiang, Shaanxi; Caowei period tomb at Xizhu village in Koudian town, Luoyang; High-platformed grottoes in the western area of the grotto gully within the Tuyu ravine at Turpan, Xinjiang; Qinglong-town Site in Qingpu, Shanghai. Dates of the discoveries range from the Paleolithic Period to the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the regions mentioned are nationwide. The contents are both informative and rich in illustrations and pictures.

Fig. 1: Golden mask excavated from Gurgyam cemetery. (Photo: CASS, Institute of Cultural Relics of Tibet)
Archaeological Discoveries
Recent Excavations in Western Tibet

At the invitation of Prof. LI Xiao, on Dec 4th 2015, Dr. TONG Tao, assistant professor and leader of Tibet archaeological team of the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Science (CASS), gave a presentation at the School of Chinese Classics, Renmin University of China, in Beijing, focusing on archaeological work which he and his team had done in recent years in Ali region of Tibet.

Fig. 1+2: Left: Movable Low-oxygen workroom, Right: Fixed Low-oxygen workroom. (Photo: China Culture Relics News Press)
Cultural preservation
Low-Oxygen workroom being used for the first time in the mainland archaeological work

On Nov. 14th 2015, the highly-anticipated excavation on the main outer coffin of Marquis Haihun’s tomb (M1) in Nanchang, Jiangxi was started officially. Modern technology is applied in the excavation. Besides electronic total-station measuring, 3D scanning, UAV aerial shooting and constructing of GIS geographic information system, the usage of a low-oxygen workroom is one of the highlights as well.

Figure 1: Figure captions are in the text. (Photo: China Culture Relics News Press)
Archaeological Discoveries
Important Finds of the Excavation in Zhaimaoliang Site, Yulin, Shaanxi Province

The Zhaimaoliang site is located on an oval-shaped hill-top close to Fangya Village, Anya County, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province. The site covers some 30.000 m2. The rescue excavation has been done in two years from 2014 to 2015 jointly by the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology and the Yulin local authorities of cultural relics and archaeology.